What is a Bond? Understanding the Basics Lesson

A lesson for students on the fundamentals of bond investing, including types, returns, risks, and their role in financial planning and portfolio diversification. Discover how bonds offer a stable investment option compared to stocks and the importance of understanding market dynamics and personal finance goals.

Students learn about the fundamental aspects of bonds as financial tools through this video lesson. It explains how bonds function as loans to entities like governments or corporations and covers aspects like fixed interest returns and the maturity date for repayment. The lesson also details why various entities issue bonds and delves into the different types of bonds, including government, municipal, and corporate bonds, each with their unique risks and benefits. Students are taught how to earn from bonds, either through interest or by selling them at a profit, and the video elucidates the inverse relationship between bond prices and market interest rates.

Additionally, the lesson addresses risks associated with bond investing, such as default, interest rate fluctuation, and inflation. It highlights the role of bonds as a more stable investment option compared to stocks and concludes by emphasizing the importance of bonds in diversifying investment portfolios and mitigating stock market volatility. This lesson is essential for anyone interested in investment strategies, underscoring the need for thorough research and understanding of personal financial goals and risk tolerance.


Use this video lesson on the topic of bond investing. Learn related concepts of:

  • Risk Assessment
  • Interest Rates
  • Debt Instruments
  • Market Dynamics
  • Investment Principles
  • Financial Decision Making
  • Saving


7-12th grades. High School. College. Adult Education.


45-60 minutes. Adjust the lesson plan and allocate time to certain topics based on the needs and interests of the students.


Hand out the worksheet below (see the GET LESSON button near the bottom of the page).

Show students the video and have them complete the worksheet.  Review the questions on the worksheet.  A more comprehensive and detailed lesson plan can be accessed below for further instruction and study.

What is a Bond? Understanding the Basics

After watching the video, have students tell what the most important things they learned from the video.


Bond Investment Lesson Plan


Lesson Plan: Understanding Bonds

Objective: To provide students with a comprehensive understanding of bonds as a financial instrument, including their types, benefits, risks, and how they work in the investment world.


  • Video: “What is a Bond?”
  • Quiz on bond concepts
  • Worksheets for activities

Lesson Duration: 1 hour

Lesson Outline:

  1. Introduction (10 minutes)

    • Briefly discuss what students already know about bonds.
    • Introduce the video “What is a Bond?” and explain its relevance.
  2. Video Viewing (15 minutes)

    • Watch the video “What is a Bond?”
  3. Discussion (15 minutes)

    • What is a bond, and how is it different from a loan?
    • Why do entities issue bonds, and what are the benefits?
    • Discuss the different types of bonds and their unique features.
    • How can investors make money from bonds?
    • What are the risks associated with bond investing?
  4. Activities (15 minutes)

    • Group Activity: Role-play different entities (government, corporation) deciding why and how to issue bonds.
    • Individual Activity: Calculate bond interest payments and discuss their significance in investment portfolios.
  5. Quiz (5 minutes)

    • Conduct a short quiz to assess understanding of key concepts from the video and discussion.

Conclusion (5 minutes)

  • Summarize the key takeaways about bonds.
  • Encourage students to explore more about bonds and other investment tools.

Lesson Resources

Get Lesson


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