Making Decisions – Introduction to Decision-Making

This lesson introduces students with an opportunity to learn more about decision-making.

Teaching Objectives:

  • Identify decisions.
  • Identify the steps in the decision-making process.
  • Identify and explain factors that can affect the decision-making process, and give examples of decisions that have been influenced by one or more of these factors.
  • Identify and explain frequently used decision-making strategies, and give examples of when these strategies have been used.
  • Analyze influences of economic conditions on personal and financial decisions.
  • Identify risks and opportunity costs associated with personal and financial decisions.
  • Practice making decisions using a decision-making diagram.

Suggested Grade Level

7th Grade – 12th Grade

Lesson Excerpt:

Each day, we are faced with many decisions. While most decisions are simple, such as “what should I wear?” or “what should I eat?,” others are more complex, such as “should I buy a new or used car?”

As decision-making skills are used and improved, a person’s quality of life is enhanced. Wiser choices result in better use of time, money, and other resources.

This introductory lesson provides students with an opportunity to learn more about decision-making. The lesson starts with an overview of the decision-making process followed by a discussion of various internal and external factors that affect decisions.

People are usually not aware of economic influences that can affect decision-making. These economic factors include inflation, interest rates, and the unemployment rate. Also, common risks associated with decision-making are often not considered. Students should also be aware of opportunity cost—what a person gives up when a decision is made.

Finally, the lesson concludes with strategies for analyzing the results of decision-making. Students are encouraged to consider their experiences in an effort to improve the quality of future decisions.


Teacher’s Guide

Teacher’s Guide


Presentation Slides

Presentation PDF

Presentation PowerPoint


Student Activities:

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For additional related lessons, explore our main category pages:

Categories Spending Money,

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